Lotus corniculatus
var. alpinus
Lotus L.
Lotus corniculatus L. var. alpinus SER.
Ömür: Çok yıllık
Yapı: ot
Hayat formu:
İlk çiçeklenme zamanı: 7
Son çiçeklenme zamanı: 7
Habitat: kayalık yamaçlar ve alpin otlaklar
Minimum yükseklik: 1200
Maksimum yükseklik: 2500
Endemik: -
Element: ?
Türkiye dağılımı: Anadolu (Dağlık Alanları)
Genel dağılımı: Avrupa, K. Afrika, B. ve O. Asya
Bulunduğu kareler :A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B9 B10 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8 C9 C10
L. corniculatus L., Sp. PI. 776 (1753). Zertova, op. cit. (1967).
Glabrous to pubescent perennial, decumbent, ascending or erect, not stoloni-ferous, stems up to 50 cm, solid. Leaflets (of the main stem) from narrow-lanceolate to lanceolate, oblanceolate or obovate, without evident lateral veins, varying in size. Umbels 1-7-flowered, on peduncles much longer than subtending leaves. Bracts usually 3, narrow and short, about as long as calyx. Flowers (7-)9-13(-15) mm. Calyx subcampanulate. with teeth c. 1-1½ x tube. Corolla about 2 x calyx, yellow to goiden-yellow, often turning green on drying, sometimes red; standard longer than keel and wings, often red-veined: keel strongly arched, with fairly long beak, slightly longer than wings. Legume 15-30 x 1.5-2 mm, straight, terete. 2/7 = 12, 24. Fl. (4)5-8(9).
  The almost impossible task of the division of the L. corniculatus complex has been pointed out repeatedly. Many botanists have subdivided it into a large number of species which differ only very little from one another. Here L. corni-culatus is treated as a polymorphic species comprising a spectrum of different forms that can be provisionally grouped under three varieties, connected by intermediates. All three varieties occur in the Euro-Siberian, Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian regions, but usually grow in different habitats.
1. Upper leaflets obovate, obtuse or apiculate; umbels 2-7-flowered; flowers 8-15 mm; stems sturdy
   2. Stems up to 20 cm; leaflets small, not exceeding 7 x 3 mm, usually ± densely hairy; umbels (l-)2-4-flowered; flowers 8-11 mm var. alpinus
   2. Stems more than 20 cm; leaflets larger, usually sparsely hairy or subglabrous; umbels usually (3-)4-7-flowered; flowers 10-15 mm var. corniculatus
1. Upper leaflets narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, often subacuminate; umbels l-3(-5)-flowered; flowers 7-10 mm; stems slender var. tenuifolius
var. alpinus
Ser. in DC., Prodr. 2:214 (1825). Syn: L. alpinus (Ser.) Schur, Enum. PL Transs. 160 (1866); L. corniculatus L. var. brachyodon Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2(2):21 (1856)! Ic: Zertova in Öst. Bot. Zeitschr. 111:337-344 (1964); Bonnier, Fl. Comp. Fr., Suisse et Belg. 3: t. 142 f. 766 (1914). Fl. (5-)7. Rocky slopes and alpine pastures, (450-)1200-2500 m.
  Described from the Alps.
: Schleicher, Centuria exs. n. 75.
  Scattered in mountain areas of Anatolia.
A2 Bursa: Ulu Da., Rech. 15390 (glabrous)! A3 Bolu: Abant G., 6 vii 1940, B. Post ! A4 Kastamonu: N. side of Ilgaz Da., 1900 m, D. 3833! A5 Amasya: Amasya, Maniss. 1185! A6 Ordu: Çambaşi to Semen, 2200 m, Tobey 1425! A7 Trabzon: Zigana pass, 2000 m, M. Zohary 343! A9 Kars: W. foot of Kisir Da., 2100 m, D. 32566! B2 Kütahya: Simav: Kiçir to Akdag, 2100 m, Coode & Jones 2729! B3 Eskişehir: 31 km N of Eskişehir, 1200 m, 15 vii 1962, M. Zohary! B5 Kayseri: Ali Da., Bal. B7 Tunceli: Munzur Da., above Ovacık, 2300 m, D. 31403! B8 Bitlis: Meleto Da., 2400 m, Hand.-Mazz. B9 Ağri: S. end of Balik G., 2300 m, D. 47160! C2 Muğla: Sandras Da., 2200 m, D. 13547 (glabrous)! C3 Burdur: Bircak, 900 m, Little 215! C5 Niğde: Ala Da., 2750 m, Parry 206!
Some doubt remains as to whether these Turkish specimens can be equated with the Euro-Siberian mountain variety, though there is much similarity between them and both are diploids (2n = 12). Specimens with short calyx teeth have sometimes been distinguished as var. brachyodon Boiss. As treated here, var. alpinus probably comprises a series of high altitude forms derived from different populations of var. corniculatus sensu lato.
  Distribution of species: Europe, N. Africa, W. & C. Asia.